Anathema was originally used as a term for exile from the church, but evolved to mean "set apart, banished, denounced". The word comes from Koine Greek ἀνάθεμα, meaning "something dedicated, especially dedicated to evil", from ἀνατίθημι, meaning "offer as a votive gift", from ἀνά, meaning "on", and τίθημι, meaning "I put". It originally meant something lifted up as an offering to the gods; it later evolved to mean:
⁕to be formally set apart;
⁕banished, exiled, excommunicated;
⁕denounced, sometimes accursed
In the Christian Bible, it appears in conjunction with the word "maranatha".