The term finds its formal definition in combinatorial game theory, where it specifically means that it directly changes the outcome of the game from a win to a loss. The term is used less precisely in games such as chess, i.e., the game theory definition is not necessarily used in chess,. For instance, it may be defined loosely as "a player to move cannot do anything without making an important concession". Putting the opponent in zugzwang is a common way to help the superior side win a game. In some cases it is necessary to make the win possible.
The term zugzwang is frequently used in chess. A player whose turn it is to move who has no move that does not worsen his position is said to be in zugzwang. Thus every move would make his position worse, and he would be better off if he could pass and not move. Sometimes different chess authors use the term zugzwang in different ways. In some literature a reciprocal zugzwang is called zugzwang and a one-sided zugzwang is called a squeeze.
Detrimental Reviews & Ratings
No Reviews / Ratings Yet