Management in business and organizations is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization or initiative to accomplish a goal. Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources, financial resources, technological resources, and natural resources. Management is also an academic discipline, a social science whose object of study is the social organization.
Universities offer bachelor's and advanced degrees in management, generally within their colleges of business. At the graduate level students specialize in major subareas of management, specifically entrepreneurship, human resources, international management, organizational behavior, organizational theory, or strategic management.