The Anglo-Saxons were the population in Britain partly descended from the Germanic tribes who migrated from continental Europe and settled the south and east of the island beginning in the early 5th century. The Anglo-Saxon period denotes the period of English history after their initial settlement through their creation of the English nation, up to the Norman conquest; that is, between about 550 and 1066. The term Anglo-Saxon is also used for the language, today more correctly called Old English, that was spoken and written by the Anglo-Saxons in England between at least the mid-5th century and the mid-12th century, after which it is known as Middle English.
The Benedictine monk Bede, writing in the early 8th century, identified the English as the descendants of three Germanic tribes:
⁕the Angles, who probably came from Angeln: Bede wrote that their whole nation came to Britain, leaving their former land empty. The name England originates from this tribe;
⁕the Saxons, from Lower Saxony and the Low Countries;
⁕the Jutes, possibly from the Jutland peninsula.