Dr. Sima Samar is the Chairperson of the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission. (AIHRC). She is also the Special Rapporteur for the UN on the human rights situation in Sudan. She obtained her medical degree in 1982 from Kabul University, the first Hazara Woman to do so. She established the Shuhada organization in 1989 tto provide healthcare to Afghan women and girls. She is a vocal critic of many fundamentalist practice like women kep in seclusion and wearing head to foot wrap.