The Staatskapelle Dresden is an orchestra based in Dresden, Germany founded in 1548 by Kurfürst Moritz of Saxony. It is one of the world's oldest orchestras. The precursor ensemble was Die Kurfürstlich-Sächsische und Königlich-Polnische Kapelle.
The orchestra is the musical body of the Sächsische Staatsoper. Venue of the orchestra is the Semperoper opera house.