Three 6 Mafia is a hip hop group originally from Memphis, Tennessee, signed to Sony Music Entertainment under the Columbia Records imprint. Formed in 1991 as Backyard Posse then later Triple 6 Mafia, by DJ Paul, Lord Infamous, Juicy J and Koopsta Knicca, the group later included two more members including; Crunchy Black and Gangsta Boo. The group has also collaborated with many other rappers on their own label; Hypnotize Minds, where they launched the careers of many Memphis rappers, such as Frayser Boy, Gangsta Blac, Lil Wyte and Indo G. The group frequently collaborates with Project Pat. Their 2005 song "It's Hard Out Here for a Pimp" from the 2005 film Hustle and Flow won Best Original Song at the 78th Academy Awards, with the group being the first hip hop artists to perform at the ceremony.
The group released their debut underground album Mystic Stylez in 1995 through Prophet Entertainment, a record label they created but have since relinquished control of. Their musical style—which initially featured dark, menacing beats with equally gritty lyrics—has since moved to a more mainstream sound.