Tunisia Arabic: الجمهورية التونسية al-Jumhūriyyah at-Tūnisiyyah; French: République tunisienne), is the smallest country in North Africa by land area. It is a Maghreb country bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia is the northernmost country in Africa, where the northernmost point situated, located on the eastern streamers of the Atlas Mountains range and making it as the genealogical northeast sector of northwest Africa, the south of the country build the northern extansions of the Sahara desert, their Mediterranean coasts represent the natural African transit shore between the two great Western and Eastern Mediterranean Bassins, and make the second and third nearest Mainland points from Africa to Europe after Gibraltar, by the Sicilian Strait to the northeast and Sardinian Channel to the northwest.
Tunisia is almost 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 sq mi) in area, with an estimated population of just under 10.7 million. Its name is derived from the capital Tunis located in the northeast. The south of the country is composed of the Sahara desert, with much of the remainder consisting of particularly fertile soil and 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) of coastline.