Tunisia, Arabic: الجمهورية التونسية al-Jumhūriyyah at-Tūnisiyyah; French: République tunisienne; Berber: ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵏ ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is the smallest country in North Africa by land area and is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia is the northernmost country in Africa, with the northernmost point on the African continent, Ras ben Sakka. Tunisia contains the eastern streamers of the Atlas Mountains, while the south of the country contains the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. The country's coasts represent the natural African conjunction between the Western and Eastern Mediterranean Basins, and feature the second and third nearest points of mainland Africa to Europe after Gibraltar, by means of the Sicilian Strait to the northeast and the Sardinian Channel to the northwest.
Tunisia is almost 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 sq mi) in area, with an estimated population of just under 10.7 million. Its name is derived from the capital Tunis located in the northeast. The south of the country is composed of the Sahara desert, with much of the remainder consisting of particularly fertile soil and 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) of coastline.